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经典原著阅读 第8章01《傲慢与偏见》双语文本+MP3

普特英语听力网2018-07-14 14:55:00

《傲慢与偏见》(Pride and prejudice)是简·奥斯汀最早完成的作品。这部作品以日常生活为素材,一反当时社会上流行的感伤小说的内容和矫揉造作的写作方法,生动地反映了18世纪末到19世纪初处于保守和闭塞状态下的英国乡镇生活和世态人情。这部社会风情画式的小说不仅在当时吸引着广大的读者,时至今日,仍给读者以独特的艺术享受。

   奥斯汀在这部小说中通过班纳特五个女儿对待终身大事的不同处理,表现出乡镇中产阶级家庭出身的少女对婚姻爱情问题的不同态度,从而反映了作者本人的婚姻观:为了财产、金钱和地位而结婚是错误的;而结婚不考虑上述因素也是愚蠢的。因此,她既反对为金钱而结婚,也反对把婚姻当儿戏,她强调理想婚姻的重要性,并把男女双方感情作为缔结理想婚姻的基石。


  

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英文文本

AT five o'clock the two ladies retired to dress, and at half past six Elizabeth was summoned to dinner. To the civil enquiries which then poured in, and amongst which she had the pleasure of distinguishing the much superior solicitude of Mr. Bingley's, she could not make a very favourable answer. Jane was by no means better. The sisters, on hearing this, repeated three or four times how much they were grieved, how shocking it was to have a bad cold, and how excessively they disliked being ill themselves, and then thought no more of the matter; and their indifference towards Jane, when not immediately before them, restored Elizabeth to the enjoyment of all her original dislike.


Their brother, indeed, was the only one of the party whom she could regard with any complacency. His anxiety for Jane was evident, and his attentions to herself most pleasing, and they prevented her feeling herself so much an intruder as she believed she was considered by the others. She had very little notice from any but him. Miss Bingley was engrossed by Mr. Darcy, her sister scarcely less so; and as for Mr. Hurst, by whom Elizabeth sat, he was an indolent man, who lived only to eat, drink, and play at cards, who, when he found her prefer a plain dish to a ragout, had nothing to say to her.


When dinner was over, she returned directly to Jane, and Miss Bingley began abusing her as soon as she was out of the room. Her manners were pronounced to be very bad indeed, a mixture of pride and impertinence; she had no conversation, no stile, no taste, no beauty. Mrs. Hurst thought the same, and added,


"She has nothing, in short, to recommend her, but being an excellent walker. I shall never forget her appearance this morning. She really looked almost wild."


"She did indeed, Louisa. I could hardly keep my countenance. Very nonsensical to come at all! Why must she be scampering about the country, because her sister had a cold? Her hair so untidy, so blowsy!"


"Yes, and her petticoat; I hope you saw her petticoat, six inches deep in mud, I am absolutely certain; and the gown which had been let down to hide it not doing its office."


"Your picture may be very exact, Louisa," said Bingley; "but this was all lost upon me. I thought Miss Elizabeth Bennet looked remarkably well, when she came into the room this morning. Her dirty petticoat quite escaped my notice."


"You observed it, Mr. Darcy, I am sure," said Miss Bingley, "and I am inclined to think that you would not wish to see your sister make such an exhibition."


"Certainly not."


"To walk three miles, or four miles, or five miles, or whatever it is, above her ancles in dirt, and alone, quite alone! what could she mean by it? It seems to me to shew an abominable sort of conceited independence, a most country town indifference to decorum."

中文文本

五点钟的时候,主人家两姐妹出去更衣;六点半的时候伊丽莎白被请去吃晚饭。大家都礼貌周全,纷纷来探问吉英的病情,其中尤其是彬格莱先生问得特别关切,这叫伊丽莎白非常愉快,只可惜吉英的病情一些没有好转,因此她无法给人家满意的回答。那姐妹听到这话,便几次三番地说她们是多么担心,说重伤风是多么可怕,又说她们自己多么讨厌生病,──说过了这些话以后就不当它一回事了。伊丽莎白看到她们当吉英不在她们面前的时候就对吉英这般冷淡,于是她本来那种讨厌她们的心理现在又重新滋长起来。

的确,她们这家人里面只有她们的兄弟能使她称心满意,你一眼便可以看出他是真的在为吉英担忧,再说他对于伊丽莎白也殷勤和悦到极点。伊丽莎白本以为人家会把她看作一个不速之客,可是有了这份殷勤,她就不这么想了。除他以外,别人都不大理睬她。彬格莱小姐的心在达西先生身上,赫斯脱太太差不多也没有什么两样;再说到赫斯脱先生,他就坐在伊丽莎白身旁,他天生一副懒骨头,活在世上就是为了吃、喝、玩牌,他听到伊丽莎白宁可吃一碟普通的菜而不喜欢吃烩肉,便和她谈不上劲了。


伊丽莎白一吃过晚饭就回到吉英那儿去。她一走出饭厅,彬格莱小姐就开始说她的坏话,把她的作风说得坏透了,说她既傲慢又无礼貌,不懂得跟人家攀谈,仪表不佳,风趣索然,人又长得难看。赫斯脱太太也是同样的看法,而且还补充了几句:


“总而言之,她除了跑路的本领以外,没有要样别的长处。她今儿早上那副样子我才永远忘不了呢,简直象个疯子。”


“她的确象个疯子,露薏莎。我简直忍不住要笑出来。她这一趟来得无聊透顶;姐姐伤了点风,干吗要她那么大惊小怪地跑遍了整个村庄?──头发给弄得那么蓬乱,那么邋遢!”


“是呀,还有她的衬裙──可惜你没看到她的衬裙。我绝对不是瞎说,那上面糊上了有足足六英寸泥,她把外面的裙子放低了些,想把来遮盖,可是遮盖不住。”彬格莱先生说:“你形容得并没有过火的地方,露薏莎,可是我并不以为然。我倒觉得伊丽莎白·班纳特小姐今儿早上走进屋来的时候,那种神情风度很不错呢。我并没有看到她的肮脏的衬裙。”


“你一定看到的,达西先生,”彬格莱小姐说,“我想,你总不愿意看到你自己的姐妹弄成那副狼狈样子吧。”


“当然不愿意。”


“无缘无故赶上那么三英里路、五英里路,谁晓得多少英里呢,泥土盖没了踝骨,而且是孤孤单单的一个人!她这究竟是什么意思?我看她十足表现了没有家教的野态,完全是乡下人不懂礼貌的轻狂。”



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