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新视野大学英语读写教程第四册第四单元课后练习答案(2016级)

黄师U英语2019-06-03 11:05:15

Unit 4

Section A


Language focus

  3  

  1. consolidate

  2. differentiate

  3. dreadful

  4. incompatiable

  5. alleged

  6. bizarre

  7. correlation

  8. negligible

  9. habitats

  10. intelligible


  5  

  1. victorious

  2. hazardous

  3. consequent

  4. adventurous

  5. disatrous

  6. evenly

  7. spacious

  8. respectively

  9. virtuous

  10. routinely

  11. harmonious

  12. desirous


  6  

C G I N F O J B L A


  7  

  1. took on 

  2. called upon

  3. runs against the grain

  4. be incompatible with

  5. come through

  6. is bound up

  7. differentiate between

  8. have struck a chord  with


Translation

  9  

巴洛克建筑是一种建筑风格,兴盛于16世纪晚期至18世纪中期的欧洲。它由意大利文艺复兴时期的建筑发展而来,当时文艺复兴建筑师开始对过去200多年来一直沿用的对称的、一成不变的旧建筑形式感到厌倦,开始建造醒目的、具有曲线形而非对称的巴洛克建筑。巴洛克风格的建筑有一些共同的特征。大理石、镀金、青铜是巴洛克建筑师大量使用的材料。椭圆形是巴洛克建筑最鲜明且十分常见的形状。戏剧性的光照运用也是其重要特征,主要是通过强烈的光影对比或由窗户进入的均匀光线来实现。丰富的色彩和装饰运用也很常见,这从天花板上的大幅壁画中可以看出。巴洛克建筑通常正中还有一个相当大并且向外突出的部分,梨形的拱顶也十分常见。最著名的巴洛克建筑包括英国的圣保罗大教堂和法国的凡尔赛宫。杰安. 劳伦佐. 贝尼尼和弗朗西斯科.博罗米尼是巴洛克时期两位主要的建筑师。


  10  

Suzhou gardens are the most outstanding representatives of classcal Chinese gardens. Most of them were privately-owned. The gardens first appeareed in the Spring and Autumn Period, deveioped in the Song and Yuan dynasties, and flourished in the Ming and Qing dynasties. By the late Qing Dynasty, Suzhou had got as many as over 170 gardens of diverse styles, winning it the name "The City of Gardens". Now, over 60 gardens are kept in good condition, of which more than 10 are open to the public. The Surging Wave Pavilion, the Lion Grove Garden, the Humble Administrator's Gardon, the Humble Administrator's Gardon and the Lingering Garden are called the four most famous garden in Suzhou, representing the artistic stytles of the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties respectively. Suzhou gaardens are assemblies of residences and gardens, which makes them suitable places for living, visiting and appreciating. The architectural principles of the gardens are a demonstration of the lifestyles and social customs of the ancient Chinese people in the south of the Lower Yangtze River. Suzhou gardens are not only a product of Chinese history and culture, but also a carries of tranditional Chinese ideology and culture. In 1997, Suzhou gardens were inscribed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO.

Section  B

Languang focus

   4  

  1. converge

  2. impaired

  3. contaminate

  4. vulgar

  5. dweller

  6. alienate

  7. srollinng

  8. injected

  9. deplore

  10. inverted

  5  

  1. be obedient to

  2. leaned against

  3. subscribe to

  4. preside over

  5. shutting out

  6. plunged into

  7. be intolerant of

  8. are disconnected from

Collocaction

 8  

  1. ecological change

  2. directly threaten

  3. inseparably boundd up

  4. greenhuose effect

  5. disrupted climate

  6. essentia geology

  7. thermal consequences

  8. contaminating the earth

  9. energy dependence

  10. environmental necessities

  11. preserve nature